ORC ID , Ajeet Kumar2 ORC ID , Neeraj Kumar1 ORC ID , Chandni Sinha2 ORC ID , Jitendra Kumar Singh2 ORC ID ">
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 50-53

Barium sulfate aspiration: Is early bronchioalveolar lavage a life-saving procedure?


1 Departments of Trauma and Emergency, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India
2 Department of Anaesthesia, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ajeet Kumar
112, Block 2, Type 4, AIIMS Residential Complex, Khagaul, Patna, Bihar
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2452-2473.276383

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Aspiration of barium sulfate is a well-known complication, occurring accidentally during contrast-enhanced examinations of the upper gastrointestinal system. Massive aspiration of contrast material causes mechanical obstruction that increases alveolar dead space leading to altered ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) ratio with secondary respiratory failure and death. The potential treatment strategies include early recognition of predisposing factors, pretreatment with antireflux medications, such as domperidone, correct choice of contrast media, and use of retroesophageal suction catheter during barium swallow study. We report a case of barium swallow aspiration, which was successfully managed by early institution of bronchioalveolar lavage (BAL) and positive pressure mechanical ventilation. Till date, BAL has not been recommended for the same, with studies showing it can worsen the clinical scenario.


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