| General Information
All files should be typed:
- in a Microsoft Word™ file,
- in Times New Roman, with the font size of 12 pt,
- single-column format,
- double-spaced (Home > Line and paragraph spacing > 2.0)
- with 2.5 cm margins on each side (Layout > Margins > Normal),
- text should be justified on both the right and left margins of the page
- should include page numbers at the right bottom
Manuscripts should be written in English. Contributors who are not native English speakers are strongly advised to ensure that a colleague fluent in the English language or a professional language editor has reviewed their manuscript. Concise English without jargon should be used. Repetitive use of long sentences and passive voice should be avoided. It is strongly recommended that the text be run through computer spelling and grammar programs. Either British or American spelling is acceptable but must be consistent throughout.
| Symbols, Units of Measure, Abbreviations
If symbols such as ×, μ, η, or ν are used, they should be added using the Symbols menu of Word. Degree symbols (°) must be used from the Symbol menu, not superscripted letter o or number 0. Multiplication symbols must be used (×), not the letter x. Spaces must be inserted between numbers and units (e.g., 3 kg) and between numbers and mathematical symbols (+, –, ×, =, <, >), but not between numbers and percent symbols (e.g., 45%).
Measurements should be reported using the metric system according to the International System of Units (SI). Laboratory values should be presented with normal limits.
We discourage the use of any but the most necessary of abbreviations. They may be a convenience for an author but are generally an impediment to easy comprehension for the reader. All abbreviations in the text must be defined the first time they are used (both in the abstract and the main text), and the abbreviations should be displayed in parentheses after the definition. Authors should avoid abbreviations in the title and abstract and limit their use in the main text.
| Drugs, Products, Hardware and Software
Generic names for drugs should be used. Doses and routes for the drugs should be stated. When a drug, product, hardware, or software mentioned within the main text product information, including the name of the product, producer of the product, city of the company and the country of the company should be provided in parenthesis in the following format: "Discovery St PET/CT scanner (General Electric, Milwaukee, WI, USA)".
Authorship credit should be based only on
- substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data;
- drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and
- final approval of the version to be published.
Conditions 1, 2, and 3 must all be met. Any contributor acted in condition 1 should be given chance to contribute to conditions 2 and 3. Acquisition of funding, the collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, by themselves, do not justify authorship.
Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine accepts manuscript via an online submission system. Users should visit journal's website and create an account before submitting their manuscripts. Papers that do not comply with the format of the Journal will be returned to the author for correction without further review. Therefore, to avoid loss of time and work, authors must carefully review the submission rules.
Turk J Emerg Med accepts the following article types:
- Original Research Articles / Brief Reports
- Case Reports / Case Series
- Invited Review Articles
For all article types, at least a set of 3 files are required for submissions:
- First Pages File
- Article File,
- Copyright Transfer and Author Contribution Form (combined)
|How to prepare First Pages File?
This is a combined file of the
- Cover Letter
- Title Page
- Author contribution details Chart and Statement
How to prepare the Cover Letter?
Details of the cover letter are provided in the downloadable template files of each article type. The title and type of the article, prior publication, support, conflicts of interest, and permissions should be provided.
How to prepare the Title Page?
- Title of the article?: Generally, nondeclarative, not a question, begins with main concept if possible, and without causal language, eg, "effect of," unless the study is an RCT. The title page should contain the full title in sentence case.
- Running title: a short title of no more than 50 characters.
- Author(s) and Affiliation(s): Full names (last names fully capitalized), Academic degrees (up to 2 per author: MD, DO, PhD, etc), Affiliation (in English, in the order of Department or Division, Faculty, Institution or University, City, State, Country) in order in separate lines. State the corresponding author by writing (Corresponding Author) in the same line and add his/her e-mail address. Do NOT include honorary affiliations such as fellow status in an organization (FEMAT, FACEP etc), titles or positions (Professorship or Consulting positions, etc).
- Corresponding Author: Full Name, contact information including address, phone, e-mail address and Twitter Handle (so we can use it to disseminate your article if accepted).
- Total number of pages
- Word counts: for abstract and the text (including references, excluding tables and figure legends
- Source(s) of support / Funding: Acknowledge all organizations that funded your research and provided grant numbers where appropriate. Names of funding organizations should be written in full. If your manuscript is accepted for publication, this information will be moved to the main document after the peer review process is completed
- Presentation(s) or Awards at a meeting: provide the name of the organization, place and the date.
- Conflict of Interest Statement: Please disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) your work. If no such conflict of interest exist; please state 'The authors declare no conflict of interest. This statement SHOULD BE included in the TITLE PAGE. You are NOT allowed to include it in the manuscript files.
Author Contributions Details Chart
Name of each author should be written in column headings and appropriate cells should be checked for each author according to their contributions. This is collected as a legal disclaimer to share with authorities if legal authorship disputes occur in the future.
Author Contributions Statement
A summary of the above table in written form to be published with the paper. Authors should be mentioned with their initials. Please state here which authors 1) conceived and designed the experiments; 2) performed the experiments; 3) analyzed and interpreted the data; 4) contributed reagents, materials, analysis tools or data; 5) wrote the paper. This list may be revised according to the research and article type. This statement SHOULD BE included in the TITLE PAGE. You are NOT allowed to include it in the blinded manuscript files.
If your manuscript is accepted for publication, this section will be published as you provided between conclusion and references sections. Verify and confirm that everyone who contributed to this manuscript is either listed as an author or acknowledged as a contributor in the acknowledgement section, and that the title page details any professional writing assistance or others paid to provide manuscript support. This statement SHOULD BE included in the TITLE PAGE. You are NOT allowed to include it in the blinded manuscript files.
|How to prepare the Article File?
We accept and publish 4 article types and their maximum allowable limits for each component of manuscripts are as follows:
||Abstract Word Count
||Figures and Tables
Including abstract, references, tables and figure legends
The Article file should begin with the Abstract Page:
- Title of the article
- Original articles: Maximum 300 words. Should be structured with Objectives, Methods, Results, Conclusion subheadings.
- Case Reports / Series: Maximum 250 words. Should be structured with Objectives, Methods, Results, Conclusion subheadings.
- Invited Review Articles: Maximum 300 words
- Correspondence: No abstracts are needed.
- Keywords: At least 3 keywords from MESH Database.
- Key messages: Provide appropriate messages of about 35-50 words to be printed in a central box.
Then the blinded Manuscript should be provided:
- Main Text
- Figure Captions or Legends
Copyright Transfer and Author Contribution Form (combined)
This form is included in the First Page templates of all article types. Download those templates and print this page. Complete the form and ensure all authors have read and signed the form. Then, scan the form and upload in the Forms sections during submission. This form should not be upload with the first pages.
How to prepare the Main text for Original Articles?
Studies of basic or clinical investigations in emergency medicine. These articles can include randomized controlled trials, observational (cohort, case-control or cross-sectional) studies, descriptive studies, diagnostic accuracy studies, systematic reviews and meta-analyses, non-randomized behavioral and public health intervention trials, experimental animal trials, or any other clinical or experimental studies.
The order of headings in the manuscript file of an original research article is as follows:
- Figure Captions or Legends
- A three-paragraph structure should be used. Background information on study subject (1st paragraph), context and the implications of the study (2nd paragraph) and the hypotheses and the goals of the study (3rd paragraph).
- Background: Describe the circumstances or historical context that set the stage and led you to investigate the issue.
- Context: Describe why your investigation is consequential. What are its potential implications? How does it relate to issues raised in the first paragraph? Why is this specific investigation the next logical step?
- Hypothesis and Goals of the study: Clearly state the specific research objective or hypothesis and your primary outcome measure.
The methods section is one of the most important sections in original research articles, and should contain sufficient detail for the following parts:
- The investigation method, or the design of the study,
- Study population, sample, selection of the sample, and sample size estimation,
- Details of measurements and evaluations (e.g.: make and model of biochemical test devices and kits) should all be clearly stated.
- Statistical analyses performed,
- Commercial statistical programs used.
The approval of local ethics committee or other approving bodies should be clearly specified in Methods section for both prospective and retrospective studies. You may be asked to verify approval or exemption by an institutional review or ethics board. Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine will be unable to further consider manuscripts without approval or formal exemption. (The only exceptions are for analyses of third-party anonymized databases which already have pre-existing IRB approval or exemption.)
Compliance with manuscript writing guidelines: You will be asked to verify compliance with guidelines for each corresponding study design (Check Table Below). You should add a statement clarifying which guideline you used while drafting the document. For further information on the reporting guidelines for health research, authors are suggested to refer to the EQUATOR network website (http://www.equator-network.org/)
The Methods section should be organized with logical and sequential subheadings. The optimal subheading choices will vary with the analysis, but the following examples applicable to most clinical research:
- Study design and setting: Describe the study design using standard terms, and describe the study setting in a fashion that conveys characteristics that could affect the external validity (generalizability) of the findings.
- Selection of Participants: Describe how participants were identified, screened, and enrolled. Remember to consider all participants including patients, providers, and outcome assessors, as appropriate. There should be a list of the inclusion and exclusion criterion with descriptions. In survey studies, information concerning who implemented the survey and how it was performed should be specified.
- Sample size estimation: Describe how you performed the sample size estimation, which tests, and assumptions were used, and which sample size estimation software was used (if relevant).
- Interventions: Describe any interventions in sufficient detail to permit replication. Describe any blinding of subjects, providers, outcome assessors, or data analysts. Describe methods for determining whether the intervention was actually received.
- Methods and Measurements: Discuss how and when measurements were made. Discuss the precision and reliability of the measurements. How were spurious or missing measurements handled? Discuss who collected the data and how they collected it. Discuss how data were entered, checked, and processed.
- Outcomes: Describe the study's primary and secondary outcome measures, and if needed explain why they were chosen to address the study objective. When possible, use outcomes that have been previously validated, or provide evidence of your own efforts to validate the measure. Emphasize patient-centered outcomes (eg, pain, days off from work, death) over intermediate outcomes (eg, change in forced expiratory volume, change in asthma score).
- Data (or Statistical) Analysis: Detail the primary analysis and specify any software that was used, including the name of the software and the company that produces it. Provide references for any non-routine analytic methods. If appropriate, detail sensitivity analyses that explore how results change when assumptions about the investigation are modified.
- The demographic properties of the study population should be given. A table summarizing demographics will be preferred.
- The main and secondary results of the hypothesis testing must be provided.
- Commenting on the results and discussing the literature findings should be avoided.
- Present as much data as possible at the level of the unit of analysis, graphically if possible
Emphasize the magnitude of findings over test statistics, ideally using size of effect and associated confidence intervals for each outcome.
The main and secondary results of the study must be briefly presented and compared with similar findings in the literature. Providing intensive background information should be avoided. Consider only those published articles directly relevant to interpreting your results and placing them in context. Do not stress statistical significance over clinical importance. Avoid extrapolation to populations or conditions that you have not explicitly studied in your investigation. Avoid claims about cost or economic benefit unless a formal cost-effectiveness analysis was presented in the Methods and Results sections. Do not suggest "more research is needed" without stating what the specific next step is. Optionally, you may include a paragraph "In retrospect, . . ." to candidly discuss what you would do differently if given the opportunity to repeat the study, so others can learn from your experience.
The limitations of the study should be mentioned in a separate paragraph subtitled as the "Limitations" in the end of the discussion. Explicitly discuss the limitations of your study, including threats to the internal and external validity of your results. When possible, examine the magnitude and direction of each bias and how it might affect the interpretation of results.
A clear conclusion should be made in the light of the results of the study. The potential effects of the results of the study on the current clinical applications should be stated in a single sentence. Inferences that are not supported by the study results should be avoided.
Acknowledgement(s), Disclaimer, Funding, Author contribution statement, Conflict of interest statement
All acknowledgements, disclaimers, funding, author contributions and conflicts of interests should be present in the TITLE PAGE section of the FIRST PAGES document and in the electronic submission system. We DO NOT ALLOW any of this information in the ARTICLE FILE for blinding purposes.
How to prepare Main Text for Invited Review Articles?
Comprehensive articles reviewing national and international literature related to current emergency medicine practice. Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine publishes only invited review articles. Other authors should contact the editor prior to submission of review articles.
How to prepare Main Text for Case Reports / Case Series?
Brief descriptions of clinical cases or the complications that are seldom encountered in emergency medicine practice and have an educational value. Consideration will be given to articles presenting clinical conditions, clinical manifestations or complications previously undocumented in the existing literature and unreported side of adverse effects of the known treatment regimens or scientific findings that may trigger further research on the topic. Case reports should be compatible with The CARE Guidelines: Consensus-based Clinical Case Reporting Guideline which can be found on the Resources for Authors Page.
How to prepare Main Text for Correspondence?
Opinions, comments and suggestions made concerning articles published in Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine or other journals.
How to prepare Revision Notes?
You can download an example Revision Note from the link in the table above.
- In the top of the Revision Note, indicate the manuscript number followed by the number of revision (R1, R2, etc.).
- Respond all the topics addressed by a reviewer. Written responses to the reviewers' comments need to be specific and address each point separately and one by one.
- If suggested changes were not implemented, give reasons for each of them and identify additional changes made
- Indicate precisely the changes made and provide Section, Paragraph and Line Number of each change.
- A global response, such as "We have addressed all of the concerns of the reviewers", will not be sufficient and will be sent back to the authors.
How to prepare References?
- Follow the punctuation marks carefully.
- Do not include unnecessary bibliographic elements such as issue number, month of publication, etc.
- Include names of six authors followed by et al if there are more than six authors.
- References should be cited in the text by numbers in SUPERSCRIPT.
- References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text.
- Avoid referencing abstracts, or citing a "personal communication" unless it provides essential information not available from a public source.
- Use sentence case for all titles (capitalize only the first word of the title). Abbreviate and italicize names of journals according to the listing in the National Library of Medicine database.
Examples of Referencing are as follows:
- Article: Raftery KA, Smith-Coggins R, Chen AHM. Gender-associated differences in emergency department pain management. Ann Emerg Med. 1995;26:414-21.
- Book: Callaham ML. Current Practice of Emergency Medicine. 2nd ed. St. Luis, MO:Mosby;1991.
- Book Chapter: Mengert TJ, Eisenberg MS. Prehospital and emergency medicine thrombolytic therapy. In: Tintinalli JE, Ruiz E, Krome RL, eds. Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide. 4th ed. New York, NY:McGraw-Hill;1996:337-343.
- Courses and Lectures (unpublished): Sokolove PE, Needlesticks and high-risk exposure. Course lecture presented at: American College of Emergency Physicians, Scientific Assembly, October 12, 1998, San Diego, CA.
- Internet: Fingland MJ. ACEP opposes the House GOP managed care bill. American College of Emergency Physicians. Web site. Available at: http://www.acep.org/press/pi980724.htm. Accessed August 26,1999.
The following reference manager software use CSL styles, therefore you can find the journals style in those software with the following instructions:
- Click Edit >> Preferences
- Open the Cite tab
- Click Get Additional Styles
- Write Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine in the Search tab
- Click Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine from the list to add it to styles list
- Zotero buttons are placed in a new tab called Zotero in Microsoft Word
- Open View >> Citation Style >> More Styles >> Get More Styles
- Search for Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine and click on it
- Click Install. When installed button changes to Use This style. Click it.
- Then Open View >> Citation Style >> Journal Abbreviations
- Find "Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine" in the Journal Name tab and change the Default tab value as "Turk. J. Emerg. Med."
- Mendeley buttons are placed in the References section of Microsoft Word.
- Select Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine from the Styles section
Papers (for Mac)
- Open Papers >> Preferences.
- Move to the Citations tab.
- Click to the dropdown menu of the Favorite Styles.
- Select More styles
- Write “Turkish” in the search tab.
- Select the checkbox on the left of “Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine”
- Click Done.
- Select “Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine” from the dropdown menu of the Favorite Styles.
The following software use specific file format (.ens) therefore you have to download and install the journal's style before using.
- Download Endnote style of Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine from this link.
- You will be prompted to Save "Turk J Emerg Med.ens" file.
- Save it to a convenient place.
- Double-click the downloaded ens file. It should open in EndNote.
- In EndNote, go to “File Menu” and choose “Save As”. Replace the word “copy” with your style’s name and click “Save”.
- Click on “File Menu” and choose “Close Style”.
How to prepare Tables?
||Figures and Tables
|Case Report/Series 3
Tables may be included in the manuscript file as separate pages after the References section, or may be uploaded separately as you prefer. If you prefer a separate file, Tables should be uploaded in MS Word (.doc) format. Tables should not be uploaded as pdf, jpeg or else.
|Requirements for Tables
|Data presented in the tables should not be included in its entirety in the text.
|Tables must be numbered consecutively.
|Each table should be placed in a new page.
|Each table must be referred to in the text.
|Number and Title of each Table should be written at the top of each page before the Table.
|Arrange tables so that the primary comparisons of interest are horizontal, left-to-right (the standard reading order).
|Provide the N for each column or row and marginal totals where appropriate.
| How to prepare Figures?
Technical Specifications and File Types
- All illustrations (photographs, drawings, graphs, charts etc.), not including tables, must be labelled “Figure”. The information contained in the figure/image should not be repeated in its entirety, however reference to the figure/image must be referred in the text.
- No legends or titles should be included in the Figures.
- During submission, all figures must be uploaded in a separate file from the text file and should be named accordingly (Figure1; Figure2, etc)
- Pictures should be saved in JPEG, EPS or TIFF format. Figures are easiest for us to process if submitted in TIFF or EPS format.
- Please submit photographs and figures with a resolution of at least 300 dots per inch.
- Scanned or photocopied graphs and diagrams are not accepted.
- Figures that are charts, diagrams, or drawings must be submitted in a modifiable format, i.e. our graphics personnel should be able to modify them. Therefore, if the program with which the figure is drawn has a “save as” option, it must be saved as *.ai or *.pdf. If the “save as” option does not include these extensions, the figure must be copied and pasted into a blank Microsoft Word document as an editable object. It must not be pasted as an image file (tiff, jpeg, or eps)
- We prefer graphics that show the distribution of data (eg, scatterplots, 1-way plots, box plots) to those showing summaries of data (eg, pie charts, bar graphs of means). Pie charts generally should not be used for research results.
- If the data collected are paired (eg, pre and post, or 2 different measures on the same subject), then choose a graphical format that conveys the inherent pairing of the data. If data are paired, they should be displayed as such
- Avoid background gridlines and other formatting that do not convey information (eg, superfluous use of 3-D formatting, background shadings). Graphs should not be 3-D unless the data are.
- Graphs and diagrams must be drawn with a line weight between 0.5 and 1 point.
- If measurements are discrete, display as discrete points rather than a continuous line.
- 95% CIs should be provided whenever appropriate (rather than SE)
- For graphs, axes should begin at zero; if they do not, a break should be shown in the axis
- Odds ratios should be displayed on a logarithmic scale
- Survival curves should include number at risk below x axis
|Figure Captions and Legends
Figure Legends should appear on a separate page after the References and Tables.
- All tables and figures must have a caption and/or legend and be numbered (e.g., Table 1, Figure 2), unless there is only one table or figure, in which case it should be labelled “Table” or “Figure” with no numbering.
- No legends or titles should be included in the Figures. Figure captions and legends should appear on a separate page after the References section. Figure Captions must be written in sentence case at this part of the manuscript (e.g., Macroscopic appearance of the samples.)
|Guidelines for Specific Research Study Designs
Randomized controlled trials (RCTs)
RCTs must be reported in accordance with the CONSORT statement, summarized as follows:
- Title includes the phrase "randomized controlled trial"
- Clear depiction of the three elements of randomization: sequence generation, allocation, and concealment
- Clear description of which outcome assessments were and were not blinded
- A figure summarizing participant flow through the trial
- Protocol deviations described, and whether analysis is intention to treat
- Outcomes each reported with size of effect and associated confidence intervals.
Least methodological elements that Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine seek in retrospective research are as follows:
- Trained and monitored abstractors use explicit protocols, precisely defined variables, and standardized abstraction instruments.
- Authors clearly describe how missing, conflicting, and/or ambiguous chart elements were coded.
- Interrater agreement assessed by having a sample of charts reviewed independently by two or more abstractors.
- When possible, abstractors are blinded to the study hypothesis and/or study group assignment, particularly for chart elements that are not wholly objective.
We prefer observational studies to be compliant with the latest STROBE guidelines.
Diagnostic accuracy studies
We prefer studies on diagnostic tests to be compliant with the latest STARD guidelines.
Studies on Clinical Decision Rules
We prefer clinical decision rules performed and reported in compliance with Green: Methodologic standards for interpreting clinical decision rules in emergency medicine: 2014 update.
Meta-analyses of therapeutic trials should be compliant with the PRISM-P 2015 guidelines, while meta-analyses of observational studies should be compliant with the MOOSE guidelines.
| Policy for the Reporting of Methodology and Statistics
Reporting Size of Effect and Its Confidence Intervals
Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine strongly prefers that each comparative study outcome be reported with an estimated size of effect and its confidence intervals. Such reporting is advocated by the CONSORT statement, and lets readers to understand the approximate power and clinical importance of the observed magnitude of effect.
An example for the un-preferred type of reporting without size of effect:
- A successful outcome was noticed in 98% of patients given Drug X versus 88% of patient given Drug Y.
- In categorization of EF, the agreement (Weighted Kappa) between EPs and the cardiologist was 0.861 and 0.876, respectively.
- For men, the average CWT on the right 5th intercostal space at the mid-axillary line was 32.7 mm and for women it was 39.3 mm (p=0.04)…
Examples for the preferred type of reporting with size of effect and confidence intervals:
- A successful outcome was noticed in 98% of patients given Drug X versus 88% of patients given Drug Y (difference 10%, 95%CI -2%, 17%).
- In categorization of EF, the agreement (Weighted Kappa) between EPs and the cardiologist was 0.861 (SE: 0.045, 95% CI: 0.773, 0.948) and 0.876 (SE:0.042, 95% CI: 0.793, 0.959), respectively.
- For men, the average CWT on the right 5th intercostal space at the mid-axillary line was 32.7 mm (SD 13.9; 95% CI: 30.3, 35.1) and for women it was 39.3 mm (SD 15.9; 95% CI: 32.4, 46.1). The average CWT on the right 5th intercostal space at the mid-axillary line was significantly higher in women than in men (p=0.04)…
- If the distribution of the data is not normal, medians should always be presented with their 25-75 percentiles or interquartile ranges.
If the distribution of the data is not normal, medians should always be presented with their 25-75 percentiles or interquartile ranges.
Click here to download instructions
Click here to download copyright form
Click here to download Patient Relase format form
These ready to use templates are made to help the contributors write as per the requirements of the Journal.
Save the templates on your computer and use them with a word processor program.
Click open the file and save as the manuscript file.
In the program keep 'Document Map' and 'Comments' on from 'View' menu to navigate through the file.
Download Template for Original Articles/ABSTRACT Reports. (.DOT file)
Download Template for Case Reports. (.DOT file)
Download Template for Review Articles. (.DOT file)
Download Template for Letter to the Editor. (.DOT file)